Decision Making Effectiveness
Decision making is one of the important keys in organizations and a basic task that carries big responsibility in achieving appropriate and suitable management. Juniors and Seniors these days are the ones facing complex responsibilities. Faulty strategic and operational decisions can and do seriously impair organizations’ competitiveness. An understanding of decision-making processes is therefore vital if managers are to go some way towards improving them through understanding how to improve the behaviours of participants themselves.
In today’s world middle and senior level managers are faced with increasingly complex responsibilities. In order to meet this challenge, they must be continually sharpening their management skills to reach an effective decision-making choice.
Historically, decision style has been referred to alternately as “cognitive style”, “psychological type” or “problem solving style”. All of these concepts deal with the way individuals process and evaluate information related to decision making and provide the framework that is necessary for understanding the concept of decision style.
Until the recent emergence of decision-making as an integral part of management theory, decision-making had primarily been treated in the traditional literature under the planning function. Management in the 1950s was oriented toward human relations and leadership theories, rather more than toward decision-making theories. The effective practice of the core functions of management (planning, organizing, directing, and controlling) requires making right and appropriate decisions in the proper timeframe by proper participants. Decision-making and participation decision making (PDM) particularly is the essence of management; therefore, it is the subject most frequently discussed in the organizational and administrative literature.
In order to have effective decisions, it is essential to understand the effect of participation and the associated participation modes of the participants’ behaviour. Some behaviour of participants can be recognized, such as comments (voice) or totally passive (silence). The passive mode of participation happens when the employee does not raise his/her voice about their concerns or problems in the organization.
The decision making is an important aspect of the managerial function that is becoming more difficult due to the evolving technology. The reason why individuals carries different approach in decision making, to understand why various managers approach the decision-making process differently. One area that is related to how managers perceive and process the information that is associated with decision making is that of decision style.
So, what is Decision-making? In the simplest meaning, decision making is a selection between a set of alternatives. This is a mental process in which logical thinking procedures are employed, which briefly means the existence of target to be reach or a problem to be solved with availability of some information about the problem.
The decision-making process must not be tolerated by your own but involving the parties so that it can lead into a well-balanced interest. Moral reasoning is important for every manager, as it impacts the decision style and increases it’s effectivity.